The World Heritage Site is located about 45 km northeast of Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh, this ancient art gallery is known for the creativity of the human and themes were taken from every day events and other important occasions. The largest group of over 600 Rock Shelters containing paintings that dates back to Pre-historic Stone Age and kept on added by later generations according to Archaeologists.
These caves were accidentally discovered in 1957-58 by Dr. Vishnu Wakankar of Vikram University, Ujjain. Subsequent excavations yielded remains serially from the Lower Palaeolithic Age to the Early Medieval Ages. The caves have rock paintings, going back to thousands of years ago in vivid and panoramic detail. The most ancient scenes are believed to be commonly belonging to the Mesolithic Age.
The scenes usually depict hunting, dancing, horse and elephant riders, animal fighters, decoration of bodies, disguises, masks, different types of animals etc. have been abundantly depicted in the rock shelters. Popular religious and ritual symbols also occur frequently. All these executed mainly in red and white with the occasional use of green and yellow.
The colours used by the cave dwellers were prepared by combining few metals such as manganese, hematite, soft red stone and wooden charcoal. The superimposition of paintings shows that the same canvas was used by different people a different times.
It offers a mesmerizing trek through forest. Of course, rock formations are another feather to the area, such as turtle rock.
Most of the historians, students in general and research scholars in particular love to visit the place to get the first hand information on early Stone Age life of the Narmada Valley region. It is an important topic for Archaeologists.
How to Reach Bhimbetka: Bhimbetka surrounded by rocks and is located 45 kms from Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh.