The history of Hyderabad began with the foundation stone laid for Charminar in the year 1591 A.D. by Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah of Qutb Shahi dynasty. The city of Hyderabad was envisioned as new Esfahan in Deccan. City of Pearls / Bhagnagar is located on the banks of the river Musi, 600 m above sea level.
Golconda Fort:Earlier it was known as Golla Konda, located approximately 10 km west of Charminar. built by Kakatiyas using Mud, later converted to stone fort by Bahamani Sultans. The fort is shaped like an irregular Rhombus and is surrounded by walls and bastions and eight gates on outer wall. They adopted scientific methods in construction which made the fort unique such as circumference, fencing wall, nail studded doors to prevent attacks. If some one claps at Balahisar Toran, the sound reaches Baradari. Jenana palace is an another important place in the fort.
Falaknuma Palace:Designed in the shape of a scorpion, made of Italian marbles, Falaknuma Palace is one of the best maintained palaces in India. Constructed by Nawab Vikar-ul-Umar. This palace consists of 220 lavishly decorated rooms. It was often used as royal guest house. It has now turned into a Hotel, offering royal experience to the guests in every moment of their stay.
Birla mandir, Birla planetarium and Science museum on the Nowbat hills. Public Garden (botanical) and a state museum which showcases many indigenous items including Egyptian Mummy are other important tourplaces.
Salarjung Museum: Largest collection by a single person in the world. Veiled Rebecca created by the Italian sculptor Benzoni, Mephistopheles-Margaret’s Statue, Clock, Paintings, cloths, mesmerising bronze work from the Pallava, Chola, Gupta dynasties, rich collection of medieval and ancient articles and items are on display. It boasts of various galleries such as the Arms and Armour gallery, the Manuscripts gallery, the Coins gallery, Chinese, Japanese, Porcelain gallery.
Charminar:Built by Sultan Muhammad Quli with stone and lime to commensurate the elimination of plague. It represents the Shah square of Esfahan around which the society flourished. Charminar got its name from the four massive minarets that add elegance and pre-eminence to the structure. These minarets are four storey high which rise to a level of 184 ft from ground. The four clocks on top of middle arch on each side were brought from London in the year 1889. Ladbazar is famous for Bangles.
Char Kaman: The four majestic gateways, Jilukhana, also known as Char kaman completed in 1594 A.D. It encloses an impressive town square with an octagonal cistern known as Char-su-ka-Hauz popularly known as Gulzar Hauz at its centre. The arch Mewawala Kaman was originally the entrance gate of Charminar. In its front Machli Kaman, believed as the symbol of good fortune for the Sultan. On the left hand side of the Charminar entrance, is Shere-e-Batil Kaman which was initially called as Daulat-Khana-Ali or Gateway of the Royal Palace. On other hand is Kali Kaman known as Naqar Khana-e-Shahi or the houses of the royal drums.
Mecca masjid:Largest mosque in South India. Muhammad Qutb Shah who laid its foundation in 1617, also named it as Baitul Atiq. The Mosque was completed by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in the year 1694. The Mosque got its name as some of stone of the central arch were brought from Mecca.
Jama Masjid: First Royal Mosque built in the Hyderabad by Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah in 1598 A.D. after the construction of Charminar. It consists of a hall which is articulated with cusped arches and supported by a flat roof. The Mosque with two lofty Minars is a good example of Qutb Shahi style of Architecture.
Chowmahalla palace: Chowmahalla literally means four palaces- Aftab Mahal, Afzal Mahal, Mahab Mahal, and Tehniyat Mahal situated amidst fountains and gardens in the southern courtyard. The palace is comprising of two courtyards i.e. northern and southern centered by the grand Khilawat-Darbar hall. The construction of Chowmahalla palace lying on the south west of Charminar was initiated by Salabat Jung IV Nizam of Asaf Jahi Dynasty in 1750. Modelled on the palace Shah of Iran in Esfahan, it was an official residence where the Nizam held ceremonial functions such as coronation.
Nizamia General Hospital: Popularly known as Unani Shifakhana, is a public hospital. The building prominently seen on the sourthern side of the Charminar. It was built in 1929 b the last Nizam, Mir Osman Ali Khan(1911-1948). The Unani medicines which are used here refer to the tradition of Greco-Arabic medicine.
High Court is in Indo Sarasenic style, Osmania hospital, Asafia State Central library, Osmania University, Hussain Sagar, Statue of Buddha, Lumbini, NTR Parks. Nehru Zoological park, Shilparamam (Crafts bazar), Ramoji film city, Osman sagar, Himayat sagar, Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali Deer Park, Grave of French soldier Michael Raymond are other important tourplaces in the city.
How to Reach Hyderabad: Hyderabad is well connected by Rail, Road and Air network. Nampally, Secunderabad and Kachiguda Railway stations, and Rajiv Gandhi International Airport connected with all important places.