On the banks of Vaigai river, Madurai is famous for the Meenakshi Amman Temple which stands for Dravidian Architectural style at its peak.
Cholas, Pandyas ruled during medieval period. For a while it was a muslim state with madurai as a capital. Vijayanagara rulers established sway over the kingdom by overthrowing the muslim rulers. Madurai was the administrative unit of the vijayanagara empire, Nayak (governor) was the administrative in charge. After the collapse of Vijayanagara empire, nayak became the king and their rule made a permanent mark in the history of dravidian culture. Meenakshi Amman Temple was built and renovated by Tirumalai Nayak. Actually Madurai is a temple town in general but reached new heights in sculptural and architectural chiseling.
Lord Shiva in the form of Sundareswar and His wife Meenakshi are chief dieties of the Temple.
Lotus Tank in the temple was used for testing the literature ( Worthy / Unworthy ) during ancient period.
Mandaps: Ayirakkal Mandap- this is on 1000 pillars was built in mid 16th century A.D. Rani Mangammal Mandap and Kambathadi Mandap are other important ones.
Nayak Statues, Chitirai Festival is an important heavenly marriage festival.
Tirumalai Nayak Mahal: It was built in 1636 A.D during Tirumalai Nayak rein. Mahal is famous for its architectural style and the art work. Swarga Vilasam is a part of the mahal.
Tamukkam Palace houses Gandhi Museum with pictures, belongings of Gandhi.
Mariamman Teppakulam is a holy pond and is the located on the outskirts of the Madurai city.
Azhagardev temple: It is situated at a distance of 21 km from Madurai at Azhagar hill. He is the brother of Meenakshi Amman.
City was developed around the Temple and expanded in all directions.
How to Reach Madurai: Madurai is well connected by Road, Rail and Air networks. All major town in the Tamil Nadu are connected by the Bus service. There is a daily train from Chennai to Madurai Vaigai express and other major cities in the country are connected by rail network. Of course Air connectivity from chennai is frequent.