Madurai

madurai_temple

Madurai is a temple town, located on the banks of the River Vaigai, where all roads lead to Meenakshi Amman Temple, it is a perfect example of growth of urban life and trade during Medieval period where many of the towns grew around temples.

Apart from Chola, Pandya rule during Medieval period, Vijayanagara rulers were established their sway over Madurai by overthrowing the Muslim rulers. It became an administrative unit of Vijayanagara empire and Nayak (governor) was the administrative in charge of the unit. After the collapse of Vijayanagara empire, nayaka rule was a siginificant mile stone in the history of Dravidian culture. Meenakshi Amman Temple was built and renovated by Tirumalai Nayak. The temple is a living example of frescoes, sculptural and architectural chiseling.Madurai,inside the temple

Lord Shiva in the form of Sundareswar and His wife Meenakshi are chief deities.

Lotus Tank in the temple was used for testing the literature ( Worthy / Unworthy ) during ancient period.

Four Gopurams on four sides of the temple stand tall with numerous statues on various themes. Southern Gopuram is the tallest.madurai south gopuram Meenakshi-Temple

Mandaps: Ayirakkal Mandap – built in the 16th century A.D. this mandap stood on 1000 pillars. Rani Mangammal Mandap and Kambathadi Mandap are other important ones.

FrescoesColourful painting on a ceiling Meenakshi Temple Madurai Tamil Nadu Indiaare mind boggling on the ceilings and on the walls. Themes of these frescoes  revolve around Sundareswar and Meenakshi Ammal and their Marriage, episodes of the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Music Pillarsmadurai music pillarsproduce different musical notes.

Chitirai Festival is an important heavenly marriage festival.

Tirumalai Nayak Mahal: It was built in 1636 A.D during the reign of Tirumalai Nayak. Mahal is famous for its art work and architecture. Swarga Vilasam is part of it.

Tamukkam Palace houses Gandhi Museum with pictures and belongings of Gandhi.

Mariamman Teppakulam is a holy pond and is located on the outskirts of the Madurai.

Azhagardev temple is located at Azhagar hill which is 21 km from Madurai. He is the brother of Meenakshi Amman.

How to Reach Madurai: Madurai is well connected by Road, Rail and Air networks. All major towns in the Tamil Nadu are connected by Bus service.

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Posted in: Tamil Nadu

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