Varanasi

varanasi-morning_6

Varanasi, oldest living city, spreads between the rivers Varuna and Asi which join the river Ganga. Benaras is an another name of Varanasi, is noted for its ghats. These ghats, stretches from Asi ghat to Raj ghat, are full of activity from early morning to late in the night which reflects the culture of India and located on the western bank of the river Ganga. Temples abound in lanes and by-lanes as such that each house gives an impression of a temple. Varanasi is one of the Jyotir linga and a shakti peeta among Dwadasa Jyotir linga and Asta dasa Shakti peeta respectively.

Vishwanath Temple:Kashi-vishwanathpresent structure was built by Ahalya bhai Holkar of Holkar dynasty. Arati takes place early in the morning and in the evening.

Annapurna Temple: Built by Peshwa Baji Rao I, located opposite to  Vishwanath temple.

Ghats: Famous ghats were built by various dynasties over a period of time. Most frequented ghats from Harishchandra ghat to Manikarnika ghat. activity, all over ghats from Sunrise to Sunset, provides visual spectacle to tourist. Performing many rituals, which are part of the Hindu lifestyle and culture, are most important sight between Kedar ghat and Narada ghat. Offerings to the souls of one’s ancestors during early hours on ghats and taking a dip in the sacred waters of the Ganga, is a common sighting. Ganga Aarati at Dasaswamedh ghat attracts tourists from all over the world.dashaswamedha ghatTemples and architecture at various ghats are reminiscent of the medieval India. Manikarnika ghat,manikarnika ghat1where lit of the funeral pyre is non stop. Harishchandra ghat is well known one.

Ganga: Holiest of all rivers, though highly polluted, is the ultimate symbol of purity and a way to salvation and belief is that the Ganga water absolves worldly sins.

Other important temples are Durga temple at Asi ghat (was built in Nagara style by Rani Bhavani in the 18th Century A.D), Visalakshi temple, Pasupati Nath temple, Tulsi Manas temple is near to Tulsi ghat (built in memory of Tulsi das, who wrote Ramcharit Manas), Kalabairav temple (Built by Baji Rao II), Ganesh temple,  Sankatmochan and Hanuman temples.

Benaras Hindu University,banaras-hindu-universitySanskrit Vishwavidyalaya (Research learning centre of the Sanskrit language) with museum and library with a vast collection of the Sanskrit scriptures.

Alamgir Mosque:Dharahara_or_Alamgir_or_Aurangzeb_Mosque_Varanasi Built by Aurangazeb.

How to Reach Varanasi: Varanasi is well connected by Road, Rail and Air network from all major cities in India. Recently couple of direct flights are operating from International destinations.

 

 

 

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Posted in: Uttar Pradesh

2 Responses

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